Eine interessante Aufstellung wie viel Zeit Mütter und Väter mit ihren Kindern verbringen:
Man sieht, dass die Zeiten der Mütter meist höher sind, aber insgesamt die Zeit, die Eltern mit ihren Kindern verbringen gestiegen ist und das auch gerade vei den Väter. Eine interessante Ausnahme ist Frankreich, wo die Zeit der Mütter mit den Kindern stark gesunken ist und mit am tiefsten liegt. Dort ist eben die externe Kinderbetreuung sehr viel stärker verbreitet als hier.
Interessanterweise scheinen in allen Ländern Menschen ohne Universitätsabschluss weniger Zeit mit ihren Kindern zu haben. Und das bei Männern und Frauen. Kann natürlich daran liegen, dass da Leute noch einen Zweitjob brauchen um über die Runden zu kommen? Aber es sind ja keineswegs alle Nichtuniversitätsjobs schlecht bezahlt.
Interessant ist, dass Männern in Deutschland einen vergleichsweise schwachen Anstieg zu verzeichnen haben. Vielleicht liegt es daran, dass in Deutschland Teilzeit bei Frauen einen relativ hohen Anteil hat und deswegen auch die Männer eher Hauptversorger sind?
Aus dem dazu gehörigen Text:
Over the last 50 years many countries have seen large changes in family structures and the institution of marriage. These changes – which include a rise in single-parenting and a large increase in the share of women working outside the home – have made some people worry that children might be getting ‘short-changed’, because parents are not spending as much time with them.
In 1999, for example, a report from the Council of Economic Advisors in the US analyzed trends over the second half of the 20th century and concluded: “The increase in hours mothers spend in paid work, combined with the shift toward single-parent families, resulted in families on average experiencing a decrease of 22 hours a week (14 percent) in parental time available outside of paid work that they could spend with their children.”
The line of thought behind these concerns is that changes to the structure of families and work have meant that children spend less time with parents, because parents – particularly mothers – spend less time at home.
Here we review the evidence and show that this reasoning is flawed. As we explain, in the US and many other rich countries parents spend more time with their kids today than 50 years ago. Equating ‘mother time at home’ with ‘children’s time with parents’ is a huge and unhelpful oversimplification.
Mothers and fathers spend an increasing amount of time with kids: evidence from time-use surveys
The chart here shows the time that mothers and fathers spend with their children. This is measured using time-use diaries where parents record the amount of time that they spend on various activities, including child care.
These estimates, which are sourced from a paper published in 2016 by sociologists Giulia Dotti Sani and Judith Treas, are disaggregated by education levels and are adjusted to account for demographic differences between countries. We explain below in more detail why these adjustments are important.1
As we can see here, there has been a clear increase in the amount of time parents spend with their children over the last 50 years. This is true for both fathers and mothers, and holds across almost all education groups and countries. The two exceptions are France, where mothers’ time has declined (from a very comparatively high level); and Slovenia where it has remained roughly constant among non-university-educated parents.
In terms of within-country inequalities we also see two clear patterns. First, in all countries mothers spend more time in child care activities than fathers. The differences are large and persistent across education groups. In some countries, such as Canada, France and the US, this gender gap has shrunk; while in other countries such as Denmark and Spain, the gap has widened.
Second, in all countries there is a positive ‘educational gradient’, meaning more educated parents tend to spend more time with their children. In many countries this gradient increased, and nowhere did it decline.