Eine interessante Studie bringt ein weiteres Puzzleteil in dem Bild, dass es Frauen aufgrund der Förderung heute nicht mehr schwerer, sondern einfacher haben, in höhere Positionen zu kommen:
The proportion of women tends to decrease the higher the academic rank, following a global pattern. Sweden has taken comprehensive measures to decrease this gap across 30 years, and many countries are following a similar path. Yet today only 27% of faculty with the rank of professor in Sweden are female. A common explanation is that academia is biased against women. According to this hypothesis, women have to reach higher levels of scholarly achievement than men to be appointed to the same academic rank. Publication metrics when attaining the rank of professor were compiled from the Web of Science for samples of the whole population of 1345 professors appointed at the six largest universities in Sweden during a six-year period. Men had significantly more publications and citations in both medicine and in the social sciences, rejecting the hypothesis that women are held to a higher scholarly standard in this context.
Aus der Studie:
We tested the hypothesis that when appointed to the rank of professor, females have higher publication merits than males, reflecting a sex bias favouring males at Swedish universities. The data falsified this hypothesis, in that none of the 12 comparisons (2 discipline clusters × 6 metrics based on WoS data) exhibited any significant effect in this direction. In contrast, six of these metrics exhibited significantly (p < .05) higher values for males after Holm correction. In terms of magnitude, males had 64%–80% more scientific publications that had attained 42%–260% more citations, resulting in a 72%–83% larger h-index (Table 7). While these are quite large differences, their effect sizes were more moderate, due to the large variability stemming both from individual differences (Simonton 2014) and differences between disciplines, in the case of the Social Sciences.
Also: Männer brauchten zum Professor werden:
- zwischen 64% und 80% mehr Publikaitonen
- 43%-260% mehr Zitierungen
- eubeb 72% bis 83% größeren h-Index
Die Daten aus der Studie:
Man darf vermuten, dass das in anderen westlichen Ländern nicht anders ist, da ja gerade alle versuchen mehr weibliche Professoren zu bekommen. Es zeigt auch direkt, dass damit der Wettbewerb unter den Männern um die „restlichen Stellen“ wesentlich härter ausgetragen wird als Frauen dies müssen.