Haben Männer Angst vor hochqualifizierten Frauen?

Eine interessante Studie behandelt die Frage, ob Männer bzw Frauen auf Tinder positiv bzw negativ auf einen bestimmten Grad der Ausbildung reagieren:

Highlights

  • Women on Tinder are more selective than men on Tinder.
  • Women on Tinder have a preference for highly educated men
  • Men on Tinder are not intimidated by highly educated women.
  • On Tinder, preferences for educational assortative mating are absent.

Abstract

In this study, we examine the impact of an individual’s education level on her/his mating success on the mobile dating app Tinder. To do so, we conducted a field experiment on Tinder in which we collected data on 3,600 profile evaluations. In line with previous research on mating preferences from multiple fields, our results indicate a heterogeneous effect of education level by gender: while women strongly prefer a highly educated potential partner, this hypothesis is rejected for men. In contrast with recent influential studies from the field of economics, we do not find any evidence that men would have an aversion to a highly educated potential partner. Additionally, in contrast with most previous research – again from multiple fields – we do not find any evidence for preferences for educational assortative mating, i.e. preferring a partner with a similar education level.
Der Test wurde so durchgeführt, dass 24 Tinder Profile erstellst worden sind. Dazu aus der Studie:
To ensure that the pictures we used for the profiles were similar in terms of attractiveness, we scored 32 (16 male, 16 female) different pictures
on Amazon Mechanical Turk (hereafter: ‘MTurk’),14 and selected 8 pictures (four male, four female) that 493 workers on MTurk judged to be similar in level of attractiveness.
Also etwa gleich hübsche Bilder, aber verschiedene Level der Ausbildung:
• Master (5 years) in Business Engineering (hereafter: ‘Ma+’)
• Master (4 years) in Public Administration and Management (hereafter: ‘Ma–’)
• Bachelor (3 years) in Business Management (hereafter: ‘Ba+’)
• Bachelor (3 years) in Office Management (hereafter: ‘Ba–’).
The ranking of these education levels was based on the average starting wage for graduates from each of these studies when leaving school. Graduates with a Master in Business Engineering earn the most, graduates with a Master in Public Administration and Management earn the second most, and so on.
Ich hätte es interessanter gefunden, wenn sie ein paar Berufe reingenommen hätten, die kein Studium erfordern, aber gut.
Ein paar Daten:

tinder likes

Die Tabelle muss man so lesen, dass „Male Subjects“ die Männer auf Tinder sind, die auf die Profile reagiert haben. Sie starteten also 472 Unterhaltungen mit den Frauen, während die Frauen 5(!) starteten. Die Männer gaben den Frauen 1100 Likes, die Frauen den Männern 81 (!). Von 1.800 Frauen blieben (in diesem recht eingeschränkten Szenario) 684 ohne Match, während 1.116 ein Match hatten, die männlichen Profile erhielten von den Frauen 1719 Mal kein Match und nur 81 mal ein Match.

Aus der Studie:
Table 1 gives an overview of the frequency of the different outcomes. When considering all subjects, about one third (33.2%) of our profiles (hereafter: ‘the evaluated profiles’) received a (super)like.
However, this conceals remarkable differences between the male subjects and female subjects. Indeed, male subjects (super)liked 61.9% of the female evaluated profiles, while female subjects (super)liked only 4.5% of the male evaluated profiles. This finding is in line with previous research on online dating in general (Todd et al., 2007; Fiore, Taylor, Zhong, Mendelsohn, & Cheshire, 2010) and on Tinder in particular (Tyson, Pera, Haddadi, & Seto, 2016). Indeed, Tyson et al. (2016, p. 1) argue that this is due to a feedback loop: ‘men are driven to be less selective in the hope of attaining a match, whilst women are increasingly driven to be more selective, safe in the knowledge that any profiles they like will probably result in a match’. Additionally, this finding is in line with previous research in evolutionary psychology, and more specifically with parental investment theory (Trivers, 1972). This theory argues that women have a greater parental investment and are therefore looking for the most high-quality partner possible, in order to obtain high-quality offspring, therefore being more selective. Conversely, men have a smaller parental investment and are looking to maximise the quantity of offspring, resulting in them being less selective.Very few subjects used the superlike option, i.e. only 1.4% of all matches came about in this way. This finding is in line with the limited amount of superlikes available to Tinder users (see footnote 10). Finally, we note that male subjects started a conversation with the female evaluated profiles much more often (42.3%) than the other way around (6.2%). The explanation for this finding is similar to the explanation in the previous paragraph for the higher selectiveness of women (compared with men) with regard to (super)liking a certain profile.
Tinder ist insofern für Männer wesentlich schwieriger als für Frauen, wobei diese vielleicht sagen würden, dass man zwar viele Likes bekommt, aber nichts gutes dabei ist.
Und dann der Vergleich der Ausbildungen:
Ein Sprung von 0.04 auf 0.08 ist natürlich ganz ordentlich, aber es ist jetzt nicht so, dass man da überschüttet wird.
Dennoch ein deutlicher Anstieg, während es bei den Männern deutlich zurückhaltender ist. Auch da sind zwar Frauen mit höherer Bildung interessanter, aber in einem weitaus geringeren Verhältnis.
Natürlich dürften viele Männer aufgrund der geringen Ausbeute die Profile auch gar nicht lesen, allenfalls nach dem Match und insofern vor dem Anschreiben
Interessanter als den Unterschied finde ich insoweit noch einmal as Vor-Augen-Führen der krassen Unterschiede zwischen Männern und Frauen in dem Bereich. Männer bekommen soviel weniger Matches, es bleibt ihnen gar nichts anderes übrig als relativ wahllos zu liken.