Selbermach Samstag 226 (09.02.2019)

Welche Themen interessieren euch, welche Studien fandet ihr besonders interessant in der Woche, welche Neuigkeiten gibt es, die interessant für eine Diskussion wären und was beschäftigt euch gerade?

Welche interessanten Artikel gibt es auf euren Blogs? (Schamlose Eigenwerbung ist gerne gesehen!)

Welche Artikel fandet ihr in anderen Blogs besonders lesenswert?

Welches Thema sollte noch im Blog diskutiert werden?

Für das Flüchtlingsthema gibt es andere Blogs

Ich erinnere auch noch mal an Alles Evolution auf Twitter und auf Facebook.

Es wäre nett, wenn ihr Artikel auf den sozialen Netzwerken verbreiten würdet.

Wer mal einen Gastartikel schreiben möchte, der ist dazu herzlich eingeladen

Werbeanzeigen

Transsexuelle zu den Vor- und Nachteilen als Mann in der Gesellschaft (Teil 1)

Durch einen freundlichen Hinweis von Mindph bin ich auf dieses Video aufmerksam geworden

Hier bespricht Sargon einen Artikel, indem Frau zu Mann Transsexuelle darstellen, welche Unterschiede sie durch den Wechsel feststellen:

1. Trystan Cotten, 50, Berkeley, Calif.

Life doesn’t get easier as an African American male. The way that police officers deal with me, the way that racism undermines my ability to feel safe in the world, affects my mobility, affects where I go. Other African American and Latino Americans grew up as boys and were taught to deal with that at an earlier age. I had to learn from my black and brown brothers about how to stay alive in my new body and retain some dignity while being demeaned by the cops.

Eigentlich ja ein klarer Fall für Intersektionalität, also dem Zusammenspiel von Rasse und Geschlecht. Allerdings würde es in der feministischen Intersektionalität Probleme bringen, weil man dort niemals zugeben könnte, dass Männer benachteiligt sind und sich damit aus dem Zusammenspiel von Schwarz und Mann noch mehr Nachteile ergeben können. Männer werden eben als Gefährlicher wahrgenommen und Schwarze Männer noch stärker.

One night somebody crashed a car into my neighbor’s house, and I called 911. I walk out to talk to the police officer, and he pulls a gun on me and says, “Stop! Stop! Get on the ground!” I turn around to see if there’s someone behind me, and he goes, “You! You! Get on the ground!” I’m in pajamas and barefoot. I get on the ground and he checks me, and afterward I said, “What was that all about?” He said, “You were moving kind of funny.” Later, people told me, “Man, you’re crazy. You never call the police.”

Dürfte auch daran liegen, dass Polizisten von Männern tatsächlich weitaus häufiger erschossen werden und daher vorsichtiger sind. Gerade in Amerika. In Deutschland dürfte das Problem in der Hinsicht zumindest geringer sein, wenngleich ich vermute, dass Polizisten auch hier bei Frauen etwas lascher mit der Eigensicherung sind als bei Männern.

I get pulled over a lot more now. I got pulled over more in the first two years after my transition than I did the entire 20 years I was driving before that. Before, when I’d been stopped, even for real violations like driving 100 miles an hour, I got off. In fact, when it happened in Atlanta the officer and I got into a great conversation about the Braves. Now the first two questions they ask are: Do I have any weapons in the car, and am I on parole or probation?

Das ist natürlich auch eine sehr amerikanische Problematik:

2010. Inmates in adult facilities, by race and ethnicity. Jails, and state and federal prisons.[60]
Race, ethnicity % of US population % of U.S.
incarcerated population
National incarceration rate
(per 100,000 of all ages)
White (non-Hispanic) 64 39 450 per 100,000
Hispanic 16 19 831 per 100,000
Black 13 40 2,306 per 100,000

 

There are also ways in which men deal with sexism and gender oppression that I was not aware of when I was walking around in a female body. A couple of years after my transition, I had a grad student I’d been mentoring. She started coming on to me, stalking me, sending me emails and texts. My adviser and the dean — both women — laughed it off. It went on for the better part of a year, and that was the year that I was going up for tenure. It was a very scary time. I felt very worried that if the student felt I was not returning her attentions she would claim that I had assaulted her. I felt like as a guy, I was not taken seriously. I had experienced harassment as a female person at another university and they had reacted immediately, sending a police escort with me to and from campus. I felt like if I had still been in my old body I would have gotten a lot more support.

Als Mann muss man eben selbst damit zurechtkommen, als Frau hingegen bekommt man eher Unterstützung. Und gerade sexuelle Aufmerksamkeit wird eher als etwas gutes gesehen (was sie ja auch häufig ist, aber eben nicht, wenn man die drakonischen Strafen in den USA bei Fehlverhalten gegenüber Frauen als Vorgesetzter bedenkt)

Being a black man has changed the way I move in the world. I used to walk quickly or run to catch a bus. Now I walk at a slower pace, and if I’m late I don’t dare rush. I am hyper-aware of making sudden or abrupt movements, especially in airports, train stations and other public places. I avoid engaging with unfamiliar white folks, especially white women. If they catch my eye, white women usually clutch their purses and cross the street. While I love urban aesthetics, I stopped wearing hoodies and traded my baggy jeans, oversized jerseys and colorful skullcaps for closefitting jeans, khakis and sweaters. These changes blunt assumptions that I’m going to snatch purses or merchandise, or jump the subway turnstile. The less visible I am, the better my chances of surviving.

Wäre interessant wie Feministinnen hier bewerten würden, wer die Strassenseite wechseln müsste. Der Mann, weil er ein Mann ist oder die Frau, weil sie weiß ist und deswegen vor einem Schwarzen Mann nicht Angst haben darf, jedenfalls nicht mehr als vor einem Weißen.

But it’s not foolproof. I’m an academic sitting at a desk so I exercise where I can. I walked to the post office to mail some books and I put on this 40-pound weight vest that I walk around in. It was about 3 or 4 in the afternoon and I’m walking back and all of a sudden police officers drove up, got out of their car, and stopped. I had my earphones on so I didn’t know they were talking to me. I looked up and there’s a helicopter above. And now I can kind of see why people run, because you might live if you run, even if you haven’t done anything. This was in Emeryville, one of the wealthiest enclaves in Northern California, where there’s security galore. Someone had seen me walking to the post office and called in and said they saw a Muslim with an explosives vest. One cop, a white guy, picked it up and laughed and said, “Oh, I think I know what this is. This is a weight belt.”

It’s not only humiliating, but it creates anxiety on a daily basis. Before, I used to feel safe going up to a police officer if I was lost or needed directions. But I don’t do that anymore. I hike a lot, and if I’m out hiking and I see a dead body, I’ll keep on walking. I’ll never call the police again.

Auch eine neue Perspektive auf Sicherheit.

2. Zander Keig, 52, San Diego

Prior to my transition, I was an outspoken radical feminist. I spoke up often, loudly and with confidence. I was encouraged to speak up. I was given awards for my efforts, literally — it was like, “Oh, yeah, speak up, speak out.” When I speak up now, I am often given the direct or indirect message that I am “mansplaining,” “taking up too much space” or “asserting my white male heterosexual privilege.” Never mind that I am a first-generation Mexican American, a transsexual man, and married to the same woman I was with prior to my transition.

Das ist ein interessanter Wechsel und er sollte sich jetzt bei Rückblicken auf seine Vergangenheit reichlich blöd vorkommen.

Und es ist eben auch der recht offensichtliche Fehler, wenn man Positionen nur an Merkmalen des Sprechers bzw Zugehörigkeiten des Sprechers zu einer Gruppe festmacht und nicht an dem, was er sagt. Mansplaining und Co sind eben typischer Sexismus, gerade wenn es dazu genutzt wird schlicht alles entwerten zu können, was eine bestimmte Gruppe sagt.

I find the assertion that I am now unable to speak out on issues I find important offensive and I refuse to allow anyone to silence me. My ability to empathize has grown exponentially, because I now factor men into my thinking and feeling about situations. Prior to my transition, I rarely considered how men experienced life or what they thought, wanted or liked about their lives. I have learned so much about the lives of men through my friendships with men, reading books and articles by and for men and through the men I serve as a licensed clinical social worker.

Das dürfte bei vielen Feministinnen der Fall sein. Sie lernen Männer eher als Gruppe zu sehen, die ihrem ideologischen Feindbild entspricht und bei Einzelpersonen aus dem Umfeld dann davon auszugehen, dass diese allenfalls die Ausnahme sind.

Social work is generally considered to be “female dominated,” with women making up about 80 percent of the profession in the United States. Currently I work exclusively with clinical nurse case managers, but in my previous position, as a medical social worker working with chronically homeless military veterans — mostly male — who were grappling with substance use disorder and severe mental illness, I was one of a few men among dozens of women.

Plenty of research shows that life events, medical conditions and family circumstances impact men and women differently. But when I would suggest that patient behavioral issues like anger or violence may be a symptom of trauma or depression, it would often get dismissed or outright challenged. The overarching theme was “men are violent” and there was “no excuse” for their actions.

Um so mehr man einem Feindbild verfangen ist, welches davon ausgeht, dass so etwas nur Ausdruck einer Toxischen Männlichkeit ist, um so weniger kann und darf man eben andere Faktoren dafür verantwortlich machen. Wobei mich das bei einer Einrichtung für Veteranen schon verwundert.

I do notice that some women do expect me to acquiesce or concede to them more now: Let them speak first, let them board the bus first, let them sit down first, and so on. I also notice that in public spaces men are more collegial with me, which they express through verbal and nonverbal messages: head lifting when passing me on the sidewalk and using terms like “brother” and “boss man” to acknowledge me. As a former lesbian feminist, I was put off by the way that some women want to be treated by me, now that I am a man, because it violates a foundational belief I carry, which is that women are fully capable human beings who do not need men to acquiesce or concede to them.

Die weiblichen Privilegen eben, würde man in Anlehnung an feministische Theorie sagen. Und auch die Erkenntnis, dass der Feminismus in Frauen Personen sieht, die sich nicht durchsetzen können und auf die man ganz besondere Rücksicht nehmen muss, damit sie eine Chance haben wird so vielleicht deutlicher, wenn man selbst ein ganz anderes Bild von sich hat.

What continues to strike me is the significant reduction in friendliness and kindness now extended to me in public spaces. It now feels as though I am on my own: No one, outside of family and close friends, is paying any attention to my well-being.

Das ist ein wirklich interessanter Punkt: Ein Mann steht eher für sich alleine, eine Frau erfährt weit eher Unterstützung.

I can recall a moment where this difference hit home. A couple of years into my medical gender transition, I was traveling on a public bus early one weekend morning. There were six people on the bus, including me. One was a woman. She was talking on a mobile phone very loudly and remarked that “men are such a–holes.” I immediately looked up at her and then around at the other men. Not one had lifted his head to look at the woman or anyone else. The woman saw me look at her and then commented to the person she was speaking with about “some a–hole on the bus right now looking at me.” I was stunned, because I recall being in similar situations, but in the reverse, many times: A man would say or do something deemed obnoxious or offensive, and I would find solidarity with the women around me as we made eye contact, rolled our eyes and maybe even commented out loud on the situation. I’m not sure I understand why the men did not respond, but it made a lasting impression on me.

Und hier haben wir dann in gewisser Weise auch den Grund, warum der Feminismus erfolgreicher ist als der Maskulismus. Frauen ergreifen eher für Frauen Partei. Männer ergreifen eher für Frauen Partei. Aber sich für Männer mit einer Frau anzulegen, dass ist eher etwas, was man lässt.

Die weiteren zwei Interviews bespreche ich morgen