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Graham’s hierarchy of disagreement
Graham proposed a „disagreement hierarchy“ in a 2008 essay „How to Disagree“, putting types of argument into a seven-point hierarchy and observing that „If moving up the disagreement hierarchy makes people less mean, that will make most of them happier.“ Graham also suggested that the hierarchy can be thought as a pyramid, as the highest forms of disagreement are rarer.
Following this hierarchy, Graham notes that articulate forms of name-calling (e.g. „The author is a self-important dilettante“) are no different from crude insults.
The hierarchy resembles Friedrich Glasl’s model of conflict escalation[further explanation needed].