Selbermach Mittwoch 153 (07.03.2018)

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Männer und Frauen in Führungspositionen zeigen gleiche Persönlichkeitseigenschaften

Ein Leser wies mich auf diese Studie hin, die die Aussagen von Jordan Peterson stützt, dass Frauen, die Karriere machen, die gleichen Eigenschaften wie Männer haben (nur das diese eben insgesamt bei Frauen seltener sind).

Highlights

Beliefs that female and male leaders are fundamentally different are widespread.

This study systematically compares personality traits of male and female executives.

Male and female executives reflect highly similar populations.

Similar patterns of traits separate executives from non-executives across genders.

Selection pressures on these agentic traits are stronger among women than among men.

Abstract

It is widely believed that female and male leaders have fundamentally different characteristics and styles, which are thought to explain why organizations with more gender-diverse top management teams perform somewhat better. Unfortunately, few studies have concretely specified such differences or examined whether men and women in leadership roles, particularly executives, indeed differ on core psychological characteristics such as personality traits. Drawing on three alternative perspectives on the roles of personality and gender in leadership ascendancy, this study (a) examined whether men and women are more similar among executives than among non-executive employees, and (b) tested whether similar traits distinguish executives from lower-level employees across genders. Data were from a large (N = 577) sample of European executives (434 male, 143 female) and 52,139 non-executive employees (34,496 male, 17,643 female) who completed high-stakes personality assessments. Results generally supported a gender-similarities perspective. Gender differences on leadership emergence-relevant traits (i.e., Conscientiousness, Emotional Stability, Extraversion) were smaller among executives compared to non-executives. Further, similar traits distinguished executives from non-executives across genders. Both male and female executives tend to demonstrate an archetypical “leader personality” focused on assertiveness, high-level strategic thinking, and decisiveness. However, results also showed that hierarchical level differences in personality were much more strongly pronounced among women than men. Implications for gender equity in organizational leadership are discussed.

Quelle: Personality characteristics of male and female executives: Distinct pathways to success?

Männer und Frauen zeigen also die gleichen Eigenschaften, wobei die Differenz zwischen Männern, die Führungspositionen haben und Männer, die sie nicht haben und Frauen, die Führungspositionen haben und Frauen, die sie nicht haben, größer ist.

Aus einer Besprechung der Studie:

Men and women in non-leadership roles differed in their personality traits in ways consistent with the existing literature – for instance, women scored higher than men on characteristics associated with being more agreeable, such as being cooperative and people-oriented, while scoring lower on emotional stability and aspects of extraversion. In contrast, the personalities of male and female bosses were far more similar, with many sex-linked differences absent altogether or greatly attenuated (although the women still scored higher on aspects of agreeableness).

“…[M]en and women in executive positions demonstrate a similar pattern of classically masculine personality traits,” the researchers said.

This picture was reinforced by the within-sex personality comparisons between bosses and non-bosses. Whereas the personality of female managers contrasted sharply with the traits of non-managerial women, male bosses were not so different in their traits from non-managerial men. “Women tend to be lower on traits that lead individuals to pursue and be selected for leadership roles,” the researchers said.

Passt also gut zu Petersons Angaben. Wird man bei zukünftigen Diskussionen noch gut gebrauchen können.