Tag: 22. Mai 2016
Die „Alt-Right“ Bewegung
Häufig taucht in letzter Zeit im Internet der Verweis auf eine „Alt-Right“Bewegung, also eine „Alternative Rechte (wohl auch im Sinne vom Bürgerliche).
Dazu findet sich in der Wikipedia
The alt-right is a segment of far-right ideologies in the United States presented as an alternative to mainstream conservatism in its national politics. The alt-right has been described as a movement unified by support for Republican Presidential candidate Donald Trump, as well as opposition to multiculturalism and immigration.
Although there is no official ideology associated with the alt-right, various sources have alleged the alt-right as being associated with white nationalism, antisemitism,and white supremacy
In November 2008, Paul Gottfried addressed the H.L. Mencken Club about what he called „the alternative right“. In 2009, two more posts at Taki’s Magazine, by Patrick J. Ford and Jack Hunter, further discussed the alternative right. It has been used more frequently since self-described „identitarian“ Richard B. Spencer founded Alternative Right in 2010.
Jeet Heer of The New Republic identifies the alt-right as having ideological origins among paleoconservatives.
Various sources have alleged the alt-right as being associated with white nationalism, antisemitism, and white supremacy. Commonalities shared across the otherwise loosely defined alt-right include disdain for mainstream politics and strong support for the 2016 presidential campaign by Donald Trump. Adherents view mainstream conservatives with ridicule and have been credited for originating and using the term cuckservative. Newsday columnist Cathy Young notes the alt-right’s strong opposition to both legal and illegal immigration, and their hardline stance on the European migrant crisis of 2015–2016.
The alt-right has been praised by Benjamin Welton of The Weekly Standard, who described the group as a „highly heterogeneous force“ that refuses to „concede the moral high ground to the left“. Proponents are said to use culture jamming and memes to promote their ideas.
Although some conservatives have welcomed the alt-right, others on the mainstream right and left have attacked the movement as racist or hateful, particularly given the alt-right’s overt hostility towards mainstream conservatism and the Republican party in general. David French, for example, attacked the alt-right as „wanna-be fascists“ and bemoaned their entry into the national political conversation. Some sources have connected the alt-right and Gamergate in multiple ways, such as Milo Yiannopoulos‘ supportive articles on Breitbart. According to the Southern Poverty Law Center, Breitbart has become the the dominant outlet for alt-right views.
Ian Tuttle, writing in National Review, states that „The Alt-Right has evangelized over the last several months primarily via a racist and anti-Semitic online presence. But for Allum Bokhari and Milo Yiannopoulos, the Alt-Right consists of fun-loving provocateurs, valiant defenders of Western civilization, daring intellectuals—and a handful of neo-Nazis keen on a Final Solution 2.0, but there are only a few of them, and nobody likes them anyways.“ Bokhari and Yiannopoulos describe Spencer and American Renaissance founderJared Taylor as representative of intellectuals in the alt-right, while Tuttle says they are „by definition“ racists.
Cathy Young writing in Newsday called the alt-right „a nest of anti-Semitism“ inhabited by „white supremacists“ who regularly use „repulsive bigotry“. Likewise, Chris Hayes on All In with Chris Hayes described alt-right as a euphemistic term for „essentially modern day white supremacy.“
In a 2015 article in BuzzFeed, reporter Rosie Gray describes the alt-right as „white supremacy perfectly tailored for our times“, saying that it uses „aggressive rhetoric and outright racial and anti-Semitic slurs“, and notes that it has „more in common with European far-right movements than American ones.“ Gray notes that the alt-right is largely based online, and supports Donald Trump’s candidacy while benefiting from his coattails. According to vlogger Paul Ramsey, the alt-right are not neo-Nazis,although Gray notes that some hold historical revisionist beliefs such as Holocaust denial. Professor George Hawley of the University of Alabama suggested that the alt-right may pose a greater threat to progressivism than the mainstream conservative movement.
Eine andere Beschreibung ist diese:
The „Alternative Right,“ or more commonly, the „alt right“ is a diverse assortment of people, mostly online, who identify as right-wingers but consider themselves either opposed to, or profoundly alienated from mainstream American conservatism — usually because they view it as being too liberal, or preoccupied with the wrong issues.
The „alt right“ exists mostly in the form of an archipelago of blogs, podcasts, and social media accounts, many of which center around a single pseudonymous commentator. The ideologies espoused by „alt right“ types can vary greatly, but broadly speaking includes certain sorts of extreme libertarians, immigration critics and „race realists“ (basically intellectual racists and anti-semites), „neo-reactionaries“ (who argue against democracy, human rights, and other manefestations of modernist philosophy), and anti-feminists, including some of the „Men’s Rights“ crowd. But there is also a more generic or moderate flavor of alt right thought that may not fully embrace any of the above agendas, but still be sympathic to their contrarian messages of skepticism towards prevailing conventional wisdom on matters like race, gender, and electoral politics.
A lot of alt-right commentary tends to be more easily defined in terms of what it opposes than what it supports. Its main subjects of scorn tend to be out-of-touch, left-wing elites in politics, business, academia, and the mainstream media who they believe to be actively ruining society through their aggressive embrace of feminist, multicultural, and post-modernist ideas. I would say the alt right is primarily about cultural issues, and less interested in economic policy or public policy in general. Views on foreign policy tend to be all over the place, and the topic is often engaged with mostly as a prism for understanding (and critiquing) foreign cultures.
The alt right is an interesting, creative, growing intellectual movement within broader American conservatism. It appears to be led, and most enthusiastically supported by young white men, who could rise to become an important force within Republican politics and Republican-aligned media. Already we are seeing some „mainstream“ conservative publications and institutions — particularly Brietbart and the American Enterprise Institute — coming under greater sway of the alt right, as a new generation of young, web-savvy conservatives begin to rise to prominance within them. Alt right fans are passionate and energized, and represent an attractive demographic of readers, activists, contributors, consumers, and voters for any savvy conservative leader to harness.
At the same time, much of the alt right is defined primarily by their alienation from mainstream American politics and philosophy, with some corners possessing unapologetically hostile views towards American society and even America itself. And of course, as mentioned, there is a very real faction of the movement that is unapologetically racist, and thrives on cruelty disguised as a rejection of political correctness.
Klingt als würden Teile davon durchaus zur hiesigen AfD passen. Es scheint aber gleichzeitig ein Sammelbecken verschiedenster Ideen zu sein, unter denen sich auch einige durchaus gute Ideen befinden, teilweise durchmengt mit Rassismus und undifferenzierten Schuldvorwürfen an „die Ausländer“ etc.
Mir fehlt der Überblick dazu, ich selbst möchte auch keine „neue Rechte“ oder „neue Konservative“, sondern eher eine liberale Politik, aber eben nicht im amerikanischen Sinne, wo „liberal“ für links steht. Wie man sieht werden Männerrechte gerne mit diesen Vorstellungen oder dieser Bewegung in einen Topf geworfen, was teilweise durchaus berechtigt ist, aber auch schnell undifferenziert zur Abwertung, gerade unter Darstellung einer angeblichen Verbindung zu rechten Gedankengut, ermöglicht.
Insofern lohnt aus meiner Sicht eine Besprechung dieser politischen Richtung und was man von ihr erwarten kann.