Ich finde das gesamte Konzept der Privilegientheorie falsch, weil es zu einseitig ist und rein auf Gruppen bezogene abstrakte Vorteile zuweist, ohne deren Kosten und Nachteile zu würdigen und in eine Gesamtbetrachtung einzustellen.
Ich verweise dazu auf ein paar Artikel hier im Blog
- Männliche Privilegien und weibliche Privilegien: Argumentationsstrukturen
- Männliche Privilegien, weibliche Privilegien und wohlwollender Sexismus
- Männerbewegung und weibliche Privilegien
- Ein männlicher Feminist und sein Kampf mit dem männlichen Privileg
- Kritik: “Männer sind privilegiert”
- Weitere Kritik an Privilegientheorie und Deutungshoheit
- “Privilegierte müssen ihre Privilegien abbauen, nicht Frauen dafür sorgen, dass sie aufschließen”
- “Prüfe deine Privilegien”
Ich hatte zudem hier schon einmal eine Auflistung verschiedener männlicher und weiblicher Privilegien, die insoweit in die Debatte eingebracht worden sind. Solche gegenseitigen Listen finde ich nur dafür sinnvoll, um Vertretern der Privilegientheorie etwas entgegen zu halten.
Gerade habe ich noch einmal eine Auflistung „weiblicher Privilegien“ gefunden, die ich hier mal wiedergebe:
1. Female privilege is being able to walk down the street at night without people crossing the street because they’re automatically afraid of you.
2. Female privilege is being able to approach someone and ask them out without being labeled “creepy.”
3. Female privilege is being able to get drunk and have sex without being considered a rapist. Female privilege is being able to engage in the same action as another person but be considered the innocent party by default.
4. Female privilege is being able to turn on the TV and see yourself represented in a positive way. Female privilege is shows like King of Queens and Everybody Loves Raymond where women are portrayed as attractive, competent people while men are shown as ugly, lazy slobs.
5. Female privilege is the idea that women and children should be the first rescued from any sort of emergency situation. Female privilege is saving yourself before you save others and not being viewed as a monster.
6. Female privilege is being able to decide not to have a child.
7. Female privilege is not having to support a child financially for 18 years when you didn’t want to have it in the first place.
8. Female privilege is never being told to “take it like a man” or “man up.”
9. Female privilege is knowing that people would take it as a gravely serious issue if someone raped you. Female privilege is being able to laugh at a “prison rape” joke.
10. Female privilege is being able to divorce your spouse when your marriage is no longer working because you know you will most likely be granted custody of your children.
11. Female privilege is being able to call the police in a domestic dispute knowing they will take your side. Female privilege is not having your gender work against where police are involved.
12. Female privilege is being able to be caring or empathetic without people being surprised.
13. Female privilege is not having to take your career seriously because you can depend on marrying someone who makes more money than you do. Female privilege is being able to be a “stay at home mom” and not seem like a loser.
14. Female privilege is being able to cry your way out of a speeding ticket.
15. Female privilege is being favored by teachers in elementary, middle and high school. Female privilege is graduating high school more often, being accepted to more colleges, and generally being encouraged and supported along the way.
16. Female privilege being able to have an opinion without someone tell you you’re just “a butthurt fedora-wearing neckbeard who can’t get any.”
17. Female privilege is being able to talk about sexism without appearing self-serving.
18. Female privilege is arrogantly believing that sexism only applies to women.
Alles Punkte, die sicherlich erst einmal als weibliche Privilegien gehandelt werden können. Das lustige ist dann immer, dass bei solchen Auflistungen sofort diverse Gründe diskutiert werden, warum es eigentlich keine Privilegien sind. Das gleiche wird aber, wenn männliche Privilegien aufgelistet werden, für eine Frechheit und das Leugnen von Privilegien gehalten.
1. Female disadvantage is walking down the street at night, having to worry about being attacked or raped. Female disadvantage is having to carry mace everywhere you go, even though the chances of it actually protecting you are slim.
2. Female disadvantage is being approached by men who think they have a right to your body. And when you turns said man down, you are called a bitch, or a prude, or stuck up, or whore — or even all of those and more. Female disadvantage is being told you should be thankful a man even looked your way.
3. Female disadvantage is being taken advantage of when you’re drunk and being told it’s your own fault for drinking and putting yourself in that situation.
4. Female disadvantage is turning on the TV and seeing beautiful women portrayed as air-headed, vain, stupid, and sexually promiscuous while women that are in position of power are seen as pushy, bossy, less desirable, and often less attractive.
5. Female disadvantage is the fact that chivalry and morality are dying to the point where men argue about having to put those less able to protect themselves first.
6. Female disadvantage is being told a woman shouldn’t be allowed to get an abortion, that she’s not a true member of the church if she’s taking birth control, and having old men who cannot and have never had to worry about getting pregnant fight over her reproductive rights. Female disadvantage is a man refusing to support his own child, leaving her to raise it on her own.
7. Female disadvantage is being blamed for a mistake made by two people.
8. Female disadvantage is being told she’s less than a man. Female disadvantage is being seen as weaker than a man intellectually and that she’ll never be half as capable as a man.
9. Female disadvantage is BEING THE ONE WHO IS RAPED. Statistically, women are raped more so than men are (though this is not to discredit the men who are also victims.) Female disadvantage is being told rape is your fault because of how you dressed or acted.
10. Female disadvantage is society telling her it’s her duty to get married and have children while men are encouraged to “play the field” because being a bachelor is glorified and embraced.
11. Female disadvantage is being abused by a husband and not having the physical strength to stop him unless she can work up the strength to contact the police. And still, in today’s society, there is a chance the police will not take her seriously because “she’s being an overdramatic woman trying to get revenge on her husband.”
12. Female disadvantage is being seen in a negative light if you do not portray stereotypical female traits such as empathy.
13. Female disadvantage is being payed a lower salary in the same position a man holds. Female disadvantage is being judged if you’re a stay at home mom because you’re not living up to the rights won by feminists past but being judged if you do not stay at home to raise your children.
14. Female disadvantage not having her opinion taken seriously when there is a real issue.
15. Female disadvantage is being successful and being told it’s only because you’re a woman, not because you’re hardworking.
16. Female disadvantage is having your body dissected by the media and society, and having immense pressure to live up to an arbitrary and unattainable ideal image of beauty.
17. Female disadvantage is having to hide the fact that you’re a feminist because it’s seen as a dirty word. Female disadvantage is being told you’re just a harpy nit-picking feminist who is being over-sensitive.
18. Female disadvantage is being tossed aside as irrational and arrogant. Female disadvantage is being told “You have it good enough, why keep fighting?”
Ich finde hier wird auch deutlich, dass solche Diskussionen immer in einer Opferolympiade („Ich bin aber mehr diskriminiert als du“) oder den Hinweis, dass der andere es jedenfalls besser habe, weil es bei der eigenen Gruppe noch schrecklicher ist („du beschreibst leicht welkes Gras, bei uns ist aber gar kein Gras mehr, also ist dein Gras grüner und damit grün, also unbeeinträchtigt“).
Es macht insofern auch noch einmal deutlich, warum die Privilegientheorie vollkommen unzureichend ist, um komplexe gesellschaftliche Vorgänge mit Vor- und Nachteilen für verschiedene Mitglieder verschiedener Gruppen einfach auf einen Vorteil für die Gesamtgruppe herunterzubrechen.