Hier ein paar interessante Hinweise darauf, dass schon bei Babies eine Art Gerechtigkeitsgefühl vorliegt:
Hier ein paar Experimente, bei denen Kinder eine Theatershow mit guten und schlechten Puppen gezeigt wurde:
In one experiment babies between six and ten months old were repeatedly shown a puppet show featuring wooden shapes with eyes. A red ball attempts to climb a hill and is aided at times by a yellow triangle that helps it up the hill by getting behind it and pushing. At other times the red ball is forced back down the hill by a blue square. After watching the puppet show at least six times the babies were asked to choose a character. An overwhelming majority (over 80%) chose the helpful figure. Prof. Bloom said it was not a subtle statistical trend as “just about all the babies reached for the good guy.”
In another experiment the babies were shown a toy dog puppet attempting to open a box, with a friendly teddy bear helping the dog, and an unfriendly teddy thwarting his efforts by sitting on him. After watching at least half a dozen times the babies were given the opportunity to choose one of the teddy bears. The majority chose the helpful teddy.
A third experiment used a puppet cat playing with a ball with a helpful rabbit puppet on one side and an unhelpful rabbit on the other. The helpful rabbit returned the ball if the cat lost it, while the unhelpful rabbit stole the ball and ran off with it. In this test five-month-old babies were allowed to choose one of the rabbits, and most chose the helpful one. When the test was repeated with 21-month-old babies they were asked to take a treat from one of the rabbits. Most took the treat from the unhelpful rabbit, and one even gave the rabbit a smack on the head as well.
Und hier ein Experiment, bei dem es um lügende Erwachsene geht:
Researchers divided 60 babies between 13 months and 16 months into two groups. In the first group, „unreliable“ experimenters looked inside a container while expressing excitement, and invited the babies to discover whether the box contained a toy or was empty. For that group’s experiment, the box was empty. The second group had „reliable“ experimenters, so when the babies copied the adults‘ enthusiastic behavior and looked inside the box, they found a toy.
In a second imitation task, each baby again observed the same experimenter that they had looked at during the box exercise. This time, the adult used her forehead instead of her hands to turn on a push-on light. The experimenter then watched to see whether the infant would copy her behavior.
The results showed that 61 percent of the infants in the „reliable“ group imitated the irrational behavior of using their foreheads to turn on the light. By contrast, 34 percent of infants imitated the unreliable testers who had previously deceived them during the box task.
„This shows infants will imitate behavior from a reliable adult,“ study researcher Ivy Brooker of the Concordia Department of Psychology said in a statement. „In contrast, the same behavior performed by an unreliable adult is interpreted as irrational or inefficient, therefore not worth imitating.“
Spricht aus meiner Sicht dafür, dass wir nicht mit einem moralischen Blank Slate, sondern eher mit einem Grundverständnis über Moral auf die Welt kommen