Gründe für die Unterrepräsentation von Frauen in mathematischen Fächern

Eine Studie untersucht soziokulturelle und biologische Gründe für die geringe Frauenzahl in den Naturwissenschaften:
The underrepresentation of women at the top of math-intensive fields is controversial, with competing claims of biological and sociocultural causation. The authors develop a framework to delineate possible causal pathways and evaluate evidence for each. Biological evidence is contradictory and inconclusive. Although cross-cultural and cross-cohort differences suggest a powerful effect of sociocultural context, evidence for specific factors is inconsistent and contradictory. Factors unique to underrepresentation in math-intensive fields include the following:
(a) Math-proficient women disproportionately prefer careers in non–math-intensive fields and are more likely to leave math-intensive careers as they advance;
(b) more men than women score in the extreme math-proficient range on gatekeeper tests, such as the SAT Mathematics and the Graduate Record Examinations Quantitative Reasoning sections;
(c) women with high math competence are disproportionately more likely to have high verbal competence, allowing greater choice of professions; and
(d) in some math-intensive fields, women with children are penalized in promotion rates. The evidence indicates that women’s preferences, potentially representing both free and constrained choices, constitute the most powerful explanatory factor; a secondary factor is performance on gatekeeper tests, most likely resulting from sociocultural rather than biological causes.
Also wären die Gründe, dass es weniger mathematisch begabte Frauen gibt und das die, die es gibt, nicht so gerne in rein mathematischen Fächern arbeiten, sondern lieber in andere Bereiche gehen. Man darf vermuten, dass diese dann mehr mit Menschen zu tun haben. Dass bei Frauen häufiger als bei Männern eine gleichzeitige sprachliche Begabung vorliegt, macht sie flexibler und sie wählen dann eben häufig die nicht mathematischen Fächer.