Sweden proves that social engineering extensions to basic sex equality laws are futile or perverse in their consequences.
In Sweden, three-quarters of working men are employed in the private sector and two-thirds of working women are employed in public services. This industrial segregation of the sexes is an important source of massive occupational segregation and a pay gap as large as anywhere in Europe ) contrary to Swedish claims. A study by the International Labour Office shows that the Nordic countries have the highest degree of sex segregation in occupations among all Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development countries. The United States has the lowest level within the OECD group, but China has the lowest level in the world. Women are far more likely to reach top management in the US than in Sweden. The problem of the glass ceiling is greater in Sweden than in the US and seems to be a direct consequence of family-friendly policies. Countries with greater economic competition have lower pay gaps between men and women.
Sweden las applied gender equality policies for decades, with little impact on the sexual division of labour in the home and the workplace. Surveys show that virtually all Swedish women prefer not to share maternity leave with fathers. Ideologues made it compulsory. Now some fathers take extra days of baby-leave tagged on to holidays at Christmas and in August. The vast majority of parental leave is still taken by women, who undertake the vast majority of childcare.
If social engineering policies fail in a small, socially and ideologically homogeneous country such as Sweden, they are even less likely to succeed in large and culturally diverse societies such as Britain, where there is genuine debate about the appropriate goals of equal opportunities policies (to give them their correct name) and about possible roles for men and women.
Hier noch etwas zur Erwerbssituation der Schwedinnen in Vergleich zu Deutschland aus anderer Quelle:
Die Erwerbstätigenquote bei Frauen liegt in Sweden bei 73% und in Deutschland bei 59%, zudem arbeiten doppelt so viele Männer 11% statt 6%), aber weniger Frauen (33% zu 44%)Teilzeit.
Die hohe Erwerbsquote ist wohl durch die großzügigen Regelungen zu Erziehungszeiten und Teilzeit und den Ausbau des öffentlichen Sektors, der als Arbeitgeber großzügiger sein kann, bedingt.
Ist das schwedische Modell also auf Deutschland übertragbar und bringt es etwas? Es scheint als sei der Erfolg nicht so hoch.