Status im Alltag am Beispiel der Ausparkgeschwindigkeit

Wie sich Status zumindest im männlichen intrasexuellen Verhältnis nach wie vor auswirkt:

Three studies showed that drivers leaving a public parking space are territorial even when such behavior is contrary to their goal of leaving. In Study 1 (observations of 200 departing cars), intruded-upon drivers took longer to leave than nonintruded-upon drivers. In Study 2, an experiment involving 240 drivers in which level of intrusion and status of intruder were manipulated, drivers took longer to leave when another car was present and when the intruder honked. Males left significantly sooner when intruded upon by a higher rather than lower status car, whereas females‘ departure times did not differ as a function of the status of the car. There was evidence that distraction might explain some of this effect. In Study 3, individuals who had parked at a mall were asked about how they would react to intruders. Compared to what they believed other people would do, respondents said they would leave faster if the car were just waiting for them to leave but they would take longer to leave if the driver in the car honked at them.

Quelle: „Territorial Defense in Parking Lots: Retaliation Against Waiting Drivers“ , Journal of Applied Social Psychology, Volume 27, Issue 9, pages 821–834, May 1997

Die Leute brauchen also länger, wenn ein anderes Fahrzeug ihren Parkplatz besetzen will. Dabei scheinen sich Männer mehr zu beeilen, wenn das wartende Fahrzeug einen „höheren Status“ hat. Ich würde dies darauf zurückführen, dass hierarchisches Denken und die Beachtung dieser Hirarchie für Männer wichtiger war als für Frauen, weil dadurch Hierarchiekämpfe vermieden wurden und damit auch damit einhergehende Verletzungen, Tötungen und Ressourcenverbräuche.

Dass sich der Status nunmehr anhand des Status des Wagens berechnet ist dabei unproblematatisch, weil Sachen auch in der Steinzeit Status vermittelt haben können.

Umfrage: Sex am Morgen

Aus aktuellem Anlass einer kleinen Diskussion (und damit ich mal die WordPress-Umfragen ausprobieren kann) hier mal eine Umfrage

 

Wonach man Anführer auswählt

Eine Studie dazu, wie kreative Ideen sich auf die Bewertung der Anführereigenschaften auswirken:

Drawing on and extending prototype theories of creativity and leadership, we theorize that the expression of creative ideas may diminish judgments of leadership potential unless the charismatic leadership prototype is activated in the minds of social perceivers. Study 1 shows creative idea expression is negatively related to perceptions of leadership potential in a sample of employees working in jobs that required creative problem solving. Study 2 shows that participants randomly instructed to express creative solutions during an interaction are viewed as having lower leadership potential. A third scenario study replicated this finding showing that participants attributed less leadership potential to targets expressing creative ideas, except when the “charismatic” leader prototype was activated. In sum, we show that the negative association between expressing creative ideas and leadership potential is robust and underscores an important but previously unidentified bias against selecting effective leaders.

Quelle: „Recognizing creative leadership: Can creative idea expression negatively relate to perceptions of leadership potential?“ (Journal of Experimental Social Psychology.)

Es scheint also als würde der Mensch sich eher an dem Modell „Bekannt und bewährt“ orientieren, es sei denn die Person, die die neuen Ideen vertritt, erscheint uns besonders charismatisch, was wiederum die Chance erhöht, dass auch andere ihr folgen.